A glimpse of The History of Arabic Calligraphy.

Ahmed Kandil

Ahmed Kandil

Staff member
Arabic calligraphy is a form of art that has been around for centuries. It is a unique way of writing that has evolved over time, and it has become an integral part of Islamic art and culture. In this post, we will take a look at the evolution of Arabic calligraphy and its historical overview.

The Origins of Arabic Calligraphy

Arabic calligraphy has its roots in the Arabic language, which was first written in the 7th century. The earliest form of Arabic script was known as Kufic, which was developed in the city of Kufa in Iraq. This script was characterized by its angular shapes and straight lines.

Over time, other scripts were developed, including Naskh, Thuluth, and Diwani. Each script had its own unique style and was used for different purposes.

The Golden Age of Arabic Calligraphy

The golden age of Arabic calligraphy occurred during the Abbasid period (750-1258 CE). During this time, calligraphers were highly respected and were often employed by the caliphs to create beautiful manuscripts.

One of the most famous calligraphers from this period was Ibn Muqla. He developed a system for writing Arabic that standardized the size and shape of each letter. This system is still used today in modern Arabic calligraphy.

The Ottoman Empire

During the Ottoman Empire (1299-1922), Arabic calligraphy continued to flourish. The Ottomans were known for their love of art and culture, and they employed many talented calligraphers to create beautiful manuscripts.

One famous Ottoman calligrapher was Sheikh Hamdullah. He is known for his elegant style and his use of intricate designs in his work.

Modern Arabic Calligraphy

Today, Arabic calligraphy continues to be an important part of Islamic art and culture. Many modern artists have taken up the art form and have created new styles that blend traditional techniques with contemporary designs.

One such artist is Hassan Massoudy. He is known for his use of bold colors and his incorporation of Arabic poetry into his work.

In conclusion, Arabic calligraphy has a rich history that spans centuries. From its origins in Kufic script to the modern styles of today, it has evolved into a beautiful art form that continues to inspire artists around the world.